7 Ways to Master in Cybersecurity

Overview

With the evident increase in cases of cybercrime and hacking all over the world, the need for cybersecurity measures has become undeniable. More and more companies are inclined towards hiring people who have mastered cybersecurity for the sake of securing their business and organization. Cybercrimes have found multiple ways to seep into the structure of any company, retrieving valuable data and affecting transactions. The need of the hour, therefore, is to have expertise in the field of cybersecurity to match up to the many advancements of the hackers and social engineers.

Ways to Master Cybersecurity

In the present times, there is no end to the number of ways in which one can pick up a skill or learn something new. From offline coaching to online courses – people have a wide variety of options in terms of platform, duration, cost, and flexibility when it comes to gaining knowledge and applying it as well.

The same can be said for learning cybersecurity. There are a number of ways in which one can attempt to master this skill. Be it obtaining a requisite degree from a college or attaining cybersecurity certifications online, one has many opportunities. However, there are some chief and easy ways which one must be aware of if one is to proceed on the lines.

1. Build the basics

It is of foremost importance that one develops some basic ideas about cybersecurity first before stepping into the field or before obtaining any kind of formal education in the field. One can try surfing some common sites online for getting a rough idea on the need for cybersecurity measures. One can equip themselves with the various ways, at least the commonly understood ones, by which commercial ventures, as well as individuals, can refrain from being harmed through cybercrimes. A basic idea of cybersecurity is essentially the first step towards mastering it.

2. Formal or technical education

More and more institutes are offering technical degrees to their students in the field of specialization in cybersecurity. This seems a very viable and reasonable choice for anyone who is looking forward to building a career in cybersecurity. The individual can resort to multiple degrees – bachelor’s, master’s, associate’s – and so on. One may also opt for an Online Masters in Cybersecurity course if that seems a better option to him. A formal degree for technical knowledge in the field cannot be beaten. The time and the cost are definitely the drawbacks, but they are superseded by the multiple advantages this option carries.

3. Get an IT certification

There is always going to be a never-ending debate on the greater value between IT certifications or formal degrees when it comes to cybersecurity. There definitely are some areas that do receive impetus when one opts for an IT certification. These are mainly the areas that come with IT expertise – ethical hacking, information systems management and so on. Besides, IT certifications are much more directed towards the profession itself and prepare the individual for real-life situations rather than bookish knowledge.

4. Online cybersecurity courses

Nowadays, there is no end to the number of online platforms that have begun offering online courses on multiple subjects and streams, leave alone cybersecurity. Online courses bring the added convenience of time and energy saving and are at times economical too. With an online course, the individual has the option of choosing exactly which specific subject he wishes to focus on, be it ethical hacking, information and security systems and so on. One can gradually discover which field he or she is more inclined towards. Online courses also offer the individual with the advantage of choosing the time of the course, the pace of the course, and the order in which he would like to cover multiple subjects and topics of the stream. He might put some portion on hold for a few days without losing the opportunity of getting back to it as and when desired.

5. Books

They say that books are man’s best friend. This is rightfully true when one considers the case of learning a new course all by oneself. One might opt to develop skills in cybersecurity all by himself, only by referring to some quality books. Books offer the basic requisites for a person entering into the world of cybersecurity as well as offer him a dynamic progression from informative to communicative knowledge. Books offer multiple stories and events to learn from, insights into the world of cybersecurity, well-structured content and rich factual information. Besides, many people find it more convenient and faster-to-grasp from books rather than their desktops and laptops.

6. Bootcamps

Another great alternative if one wishes to master his skills in cybersecurity would be to enrol themselves in a boot camp. The course offered by the same is well-structured and informative. At the same time, one has the option of better interaction with instructors because of smaller-sized classrooms. Boot camps offer the dual benefit of engaging in theoretical learning like IT certifications, as well as experiencing some degree of exposure to the real world by means of networking and hands-on experiences. Boot camps are an affordable option too, for someone who doesn’t wish to invest too much in obtaining a formal degree from a college or technical institution.

7. Work experience

Nothing can beat a taste of the real-world if one wishes to master his sense and skill in cybersecurity. Without a doubt, one cannot opt out of learning the basics. However, the best way of learning and mastering cybersecurity would be to land in the market itself and understand the nitty-gritty of real-life situations.

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What is Cyber Security?

Ever since the world witnessed the internet explosion, the world has grown more and more dependent on the web. Be it day-to-day activities, or the costliest of business deals, be it trivial shopping or the transfer of confidential data – the internet has become the lifeline of all. It is only pertinent then that such an important medium of transfer of data as well as money suffers the undeniable risk of danger.

This danger to internet transactions comes in the form of hacking and other cyber crimes. Cybersecurity is increasingly becoming the need of the hour. The biggest companies and the smallest of start-ups are resorting to cybersecurity measures alike. Not just commercial ventures, cybersecurity is essential for everyone who uses the internet for any purpose. Cyber defence measures are a crucial step for all.

Definition

Cybersecurity refers to a multi-layered protective network that connects multiple devices, programs and data. The intention of cybersecurity is to keep data and transactions safe against cybercrimes. Cybersecurity involved processes and technologies, with the chief aim being guarding devices and data against unauthorized access.

The Cybersecurity process

Cybersecurity follows a layered approach and comprises three components – people, processes and technology. The first and the weakest links are the people of course because employees of a company or the close ones of an individual always pose the maximum threats to cybersecurity. The reasons are many. Often, people are not equipped with ample cyber defences and lack knowledge in the field of cybersecurity measures. They might unknowingly give in to phishing emails and scams.

  1. Essentially, people must be made aware of cyber threats and must be made to understand the necessity and ways of precaution.
  2. They should be taught relevance and usage of passwords, phishing, viruses and antiviruses and so on.
  3. Access management policies can be strengthened so that everyone does not have access to everything.

The second layer, following the human factor, must be the processes followed. There might be situations in the event of which some action would need to be taken for the purpose of cyber safety. Be it a commercial enterprise or a personal account, a good incident response plan is extremely essential, along with a backup. This increases the chances of data recovery in case of any type of hacking or damage to data. Quite often, it is in response to a particular event or occurrence that IT companies revert to a certain protocol. If the processes – including incident response strategies – are in place, the actions would require lesser time and energy.

Also, the prioritization of assets is an important process for anyone who wishes to monitor the important and danger-inviting zones of a network. The harmful consequences can thus be minimized if the company knows where the target is hot.

The Cybersecurity process also encompasses technological prowess. There is no dearth of the number and types of technologies available today before companies and individuals to strengthen their grasp over the cyber defence. One of the most useful technologies for the purpose could be deception strategies, which the company can use to bewilder a cyber-attacker. The dynamic strategies make it difficult for the hacker to differentiate between real and counterfeit assets. Besides, the technology of segmentation can be deployed for strengthening security over multiple layers of assets and data, instead of securing them as a whole.

Why is Cyber Security important?

The importance of cybersecurity lies in the fact that loss of data can turn out to be very expensive for companies and individuals alike. The risk of financial as well as reputational damage is something neither a company nor an individual would like to afford.

Besides, no company or internet user is safe these days. Attackers have developed several means to take the world by storm, and anyone would be next. In such a scenario, the wisest thing to do is to implement cybersecurity measures for safety and precaution.

It is not even like these attackers are alone. Quite often they function as companies themselves and are funded by top millionaires for selfish motives. The financial backing and the nurtured team efforts drive them towards achieving the most impossible of feats. Movies have often shown a glimpse of talented cybercriminals, and that is only a chunk of what they can do.

Cybersecurity risks

There are, no doubt, multiple risks associated with cybersecurity. These risks keep evolving and changing over time, making it difficult to ascertain a particular or permanent solution for all problems at once. In fact, cyber crimes and attacks advance and develop even more rapidly than do the technologies to keep them at bay. The same can be said about the number of hackers to the number of cybersecurity officials or expert’s ratio. Some of the important risks are:

  1. Data security
  2. Database security
  3. Network security
  4. Application security
  5. Business continuity
  6. End-user education
  7. Endpoint security
  8. Cloud security
  9. Mobile security
  10. Infrastructure security
  11. Disaster recovery

How to learn cyber security?

With the number of online platforms teaching all kinds of tactics and skills, learning cybersecurity is no big deal. Very obviously, the first step towards learning cybersecurity would be to understand the term itself and the various related nomenclature. After this, one can take a simple course from any of the popular sites available for an overview of the world of cybersecurity and some basic nitty-gritty.

After one has gained a brief idea of the functions and processes, the components and factors, one can proceed to learn the finer details. This would include the following:

  1. Cryptography
  2. Binary exploitation
  3. Reverse engineering
  4. Forensics
  5. Web exploitation

One can try to understand the terms first using any helpful site that aids in the process of learning cybersecurity. Later, one can proceed to learn these in detail by enrolling onto a course, either offline or online, based on his comfort and preference. One must even try to think like the hacker at this point in time. For this purpose, he must try to involve himself with some hacking trials and games. Software platforms these days allow people to practice hacking legally. Combining online courses and materials with offline conversations and experiences, along with the practice of coding and hacking can give one a fair knowledge of the world of cybersecurity.

In a world that is being constantly driven toward the dark abyss of cybercrimes and social engineering, cybersecurity has become a mandatory tool for companies and individuals alike. With a basic knowledge of the internet, one can equip himself or his business to tackle the adversities of cybercrimes. However, to really be able to refrain from the worst and hard-hitting impacts of the attacks, one must attempt at equipping himself or herself with the most refined and detailed knowledge of cybersecurity as possible.

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